Forensic Analysis of Modern Fake Ancient Coins
Ever since money exists in physical form man has tried to imitate it or adulterate it in order to obtain economic benefit from this fraudulent activity. The crime of forgery, as old as the coin itself, has been severely punished by the issuing authorities from its beginnings. Historically Argentine Justice through the scopometric method has been able to identify falsehood or authenticity not only on metallic coins, but also on paper-money, checks, financial documents, CDs, plastic cards and any other object manufactured in series, providing a categorical conclusion. One of the forensic investigations carried out by ADN Criminalística has been on ancient coins, which have not the same legal even forensic analysis than the modern ones. The counterfeit of ancient coins is not intended to generate a scam to the state, but to the numismatic market, and its forensic study becomes more complex due to the variability of characteristics of the authentic coins, making detection difficult. Although the fake or authentic ancient coin is the object of study of numismatics, it must be understood that the modern counterfeit of coins is not: It is an object elaborated in order to produce an illicit (scam), and any object involved in a criminal act is studied by the Criminalistics.